Bosnian Muslims, East African Masai, Czech-speaking Austrians, North American indigenous peoples, and Jewish immigrants from across Europe—the nineteenth-century British and Habsburg Empires were characterized by incredible cultural and.
Research paper topics about cultures and ethnic groups | online
Notwithstanding their many differences, both empires faced similar administrative questions as a result: Who was excluded or admitted? What advantages were granted to which groups? And how could diversity be reconciled with demands for national autonomy and democratic participation? In this pioneering study, Benno Gammerl compares Habsburg and British approaches to governing their diverse populations, analyzing imperial formations to reveal the legal and political conditions that fostered heterogeneity.
BookmarkThe 6 million people forming the Laotian population are officially divided into 49 ethnic groups 30 Apr 2018 - Your instructors may assign a topic for your research paper, but very often your instructor may let you choose your own topic within a certain .
How can we explain this huge diversity of people ? How do they live together ? How does the State manage this diversity ? Based on the. moreThe 6 million people forming the Laotian population are officially divided into 49 ethnic groups.
How can we explain this huge diversity of people ? How do they live together ? How does the State manage this diversity ? Based on the existing literature and on personal field research, I am presenting in this paper a general and synthetic perspective of the ethnic question in Laos. In doing so, I defend the idea that ethnicity should be conceived not as a given, but as a product resulting from a particular process that I will clarify here.
This analysis will allow me to propose a socio-political perspective on ethnic and cultural issues. BookmarkA comparative examination of historiography in Turkey and the Soviet Union about pre-Islamic Central Asia in the 1920s and 1930s, Divergent Paths looks at the manner in which ideology shaped understandings of race and belonging in the.
moreA comparative examination of historiography in Turkey and the Soviet Union about pre-Islamic Central Asia in the 1920s and 1930s, Divergent Paths looks at the manner in which ideology shaped understandings of race and belonging in the early decades of Turkish and Soviet statehood respectively. By utilizing published and unpublished history texts, scholarly articles, conference proceedings and texts from popularized periodicals, I first track out the development of ideological systems in both Turkey and the Soviet Union, and then show their manifestations within the dominant historiographies of the times.
I reach the conclusion that ideology, more than scientific discovery or endeavour, was the primary cause of the wedge in imaginations of community and belonging between Turkic communities in the Republic of Turkey and those in the Soviet Union. BookmarkSince the American-led war of 2003, many have called for the breakup of Iraq along ethno-religious or regional lines.
Among these proposals, Basra’s nonviolent, civil, and political campaign has come the closest to creating a new.
moreSince the American-led war of 2003, many have called for the breakup of Iraq along ethno-religious or regional lines Race and ethnicity term papers available at PlanetPapers.com, the largest free term paper community..
Among these proposals, Basra’s nonviolent, civil, and political campaign has come the closest to creating a new autonomous region. This article documents Basra’s bid for decentralization across more than a decade of complex Iraqi politics.
It traces the growing popularity of the movement, examining its privileging of economic interest over ethno-religious identity, as well as its use of Iraq’s constitutional framework to advocate for the right to decentralize. Aside from the potential consequences of Basra’s autonomy, this article concludes that the modest successes of this peaceful movement are among the few promising signs for Iraq’s troubled democracy.
BookmarkEl ´boom cauchero´ es un fen meno hist rico ineludible para entender la integraci n de la selva amaz nica a la econom a global. En efecto, entre 1870 y 1920 la mayor a de los pa ses amaz nicos se vuelca a la explotaci n y comercializaci n.
moreEl ´boom cauchero´ es un fen meno hist rico ineludible para entender la integraci n de la selva amaz nica a la econom a global. En efecto, entre 1870 y 1920 la mayor a de los pa ses amaz nicos se vuelca a la explotaci n y comercializaci n de la goma.
¿C mo fue posible que medio siglo de expansi n econ mica no haya desembocado en alg n tipo de desarrollo sustentable? El art culo analiza particularmente el caso de Bolivia. Se describe el papel del boom gomero como ´hecho social total´ que impuls la figuraci n del Oriente boliviano -hasta entonces relativamente ignorado- en el imaginario nacional e internacional.
Adem s de la migraci n masiva, el apogeo del caucho provoca la fundaci n de ciudades y redes de comunicaci n, las incipientes leyes de concesi n de tierras, las exploraciones hidrogr ficas, geogr ficas y topogr ficas de la parte selv tica del pa s, la incorporaci n de territorios hasta entonces marginales a la administraci n estatal y la delimitaci n de las fronteras republicanas. Se describe luego la importancia del cr dito en la maquinaria gomera, los postulados fundamentales de la l gica extractiva y la ret rica modernizadora del ´orden y progreso´ basada en tres t picos recurrentes: la oposici n entre ´civilizaci n´ y ´salvajismo´, la percepci n de la selva como tierra de oportunidades y la idea de que la misma es una fuente de recursos pr cticamente inagotable.
Asimismo se analiza la coexistencia de voces alternativas o disonantes que permiten relativizar ese consenso, ligadas con la percepci n m s o menos humanitaria de la mano de obra, con las diferencias internas de la industria y la variedad de estrategias nacionales a la hora de enfrentar el problema de la sustentabilidad a largo plazo de la industria.
Race and ethnicity paper topics - planet papers
If this statement pinpoints the important role of war in the formation of nation-states and national identities in the modern era, the impact of warfare on shaping and reshaping various types of polities and visions of communities in the Middle Ages deserves more attention than it has hitherto received – especially in the context of the ongoing debate regarding modern and pre-modern forms of nationhood and ethnicity.
It is a common place to claim that collective identifications, group solidarity and homogeneity are not a cause but rather a product of war and inter-group violence Free ethnic groups papers, essays, and research papers..
On the other hand, historical evidence demonstrates that the impact of war on the social cohesion and/or cultural homogenisation of various kinds of groups, such as ethnic or national communities as well as kingdoms, empires and nation-states, can be both constructive and destructive. This means that, even if wars favour discourses of demarcation and othering that can sharpen group boundaries and harden stereotypes, a stronger collective identification is neither a natural nor an automatic result of war.
Our workshop will bring together scholars of various medieval cultures in order to discuss and problematize the role of inter-group and in-group warfare in the emergence or disintegration of medieval social orders, as well as in shaping, changing or marginalizing ideas, values and norms that informed practices of collective identification within them. Two key-note speakers, a sociologist and an anthropologist, will introduce the topic from their disciplinary theoretical view-points with an aim to promote the dialogue and exchange of ideas between modern sociology, anthropology and medieval history.
Our discussion will be focused on but not restricted to the following key questions: - What does studying war tell us about the relationship between ethnicity and political loyalty in medieval polities? - Can the role of the ‘entrepreneurs of ethnicity’ be traced for pre-modern history in a way comparable to Rogers Brubaker’s conceptualisation of the ‘ethnic’ conflicts of the 1990s? - What was the role of war in the institutionalisation, reproduction, renegotiation and change of cultural meanings and memories? - How did war impact upon the creation or renegotiation of various visions and forms of community (ethnic group, kingdom or empire)? - What does the history of warfare tell us about the role of pre-modern state structures in maintaining or marginalizing collective identifications? - How did the material organisation of pre-modern armies and wars influence the construction and reproduction of collective identifications? Using these questions as a point of departure, the workshop aims to contribute to an alternative approach to the study of peoplehood in the medieval world by redirecting focus from collective identities in the hard sense to collective identifications as ideological practices. The workshop is organised by the FWF-funded project “Contested Empire: Civil War in the Medieval East-Roman Imperial State, c.
500–1204”, hosted at the Department of Byzantine & Modern Greek Studies at the University of ViennaBookmarkLink to a 26-minute documentary film entitled The War of the Princes of Rain ("La guerra de los pr ncipes de la lluvia", in Spanish) researched, directed and co-produced by Bernardo P rez-Soler: https:// /119632830 (Please. moreLink to a 26-minute documentary film entitled The War of the Princes of Rain ("La guerra de los pr ncipes de la lluvia", in Spanish) researched, directed and co-produced by Bernardo P rez-Soler: (Please request password by writing an e-mail to [email protected] ) The old Macehual Maya experts in the art of recalling events long gone-by from the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico, still evoke vividly and in great detail the final stages of the so-called “Caste War” of Yucatan, even though they did not witness them or ever read anything about them—actually, they never learned how to read.
The vividness of this evocation has to do with the fact that the remembrance of the Caste War is thoroughly intertwined with both Maya religion and agriculture, and, more generally, with how the people who still speak the Yucatec Maya language spend their everyday lives. This film is about the old stories on the war three of these men recount, and about the main activities those who share (or, in one case, oppose) their beliefs engage in.
Albeit in its present form it is a fully completed short-film, I have recorded enough material to enlarge it into a feature-length film. I, however, did not get enough funding to edit and post-produce such longer version.
Research for a paper - pas 180 -- race and ethnicity in american
Parlavano la lingua del nemico e per questo furono considerati. 000 sudditi austro-ungarici di lingua italiana originari di Trentino e Litorale adriatico combatterono nell’esercito dell’Impero durante la Grande guerra. Parlavano la lingua del nemico e per questo furono considerati inaffidabili e sospetti dal punto di vista nazionale.
Inviati soprattutto sul lontano fronte russo, in migliaia caddero prigionieri. 000 furono intercettati da un’apposita missione militare italiana che, dopo averli selezionati e parzialmente «rieducati», li trasport via nave nel Regno. Altri, sorpresi dalla rivoluzione bolscevica e trasferiti con un viaggio avventuroso nella concessione militare italiana di Tientsin, furono in parte aggregati al Corpo di spedizione italiano in Estremo oriente, inviato a combattere contro i bolscevichi e rimpatriato soltanto nei primi mesi del 1920.
Al di l dei trascorsi avventurosi, vissuti in lunghi anni passati tra guerra, prigionia e complicati ritorni, i soldati di lingua italiana dell’esercito austro-ungarico rappresentano un tema storiograficamente interessante. Le loro vicende ci rimandano alla complessa questione nazionale nella Duplice monarchia, in particolare nelle cosiddette «terre irredente».
Ma soprattutto ci spingono a indagare i motivi dello sguardo per certi aspetti egualmente diffidente che su di essi rivolsero sia le autorit austriache, sia quelle italiane, nonch a interrogarci sui sentimenti con cui partirono per il fronte, sulle loro identit culturali, nazionali, regionali e sui modi in cui queste vennero messe in discussione, modificate o ribadite a seguito dell’esperienza di guerra. BookmarkBuilding on past survey-based studies of ethnic identity, we employ the case of Ukraine to demonstrate the importance of taking seriously the multidimensionality of ethnicity, even in a country that is regarded as deeply divided.
Race and ethnicity - term paper
Drawing on relational theory, we identify four dimensions of ethnicity that are each important in distinctive ways in Ukraine: individual language preference, language embeddedness, ethnolinguistic identity, and nationality. Using original survey data collected in May 2014, we show that the choice of one over the other can be highly consequential for the conclusions one draws about ethnicity's role in shaping attitudes (e.
, participation in the Euromaidan protests), and the anticipation of outgroups' behavior (e.
Moreover, we call attention to the importance of including the right control variables for precisely interpreting any posited effects of ethnicity, making specific recommendations for future survey research on ethnic identity in Ukraine. BookmarkWhile it is common wisdom that “identity matters” in Ukrainian politics, we still lack a robust understanding of precisely when and how it matters.
Reflecting challenges facing the broader interdisciplinary field of comparative identity. moreWhile it is common wisdom that “identity matters” in Ukrainian politics, we still lack a robust understanding of precisely when and how it matters.
Reflecting challenges facing the broader interdisciplinary field of comparative identity politics, authors frequently bring to their analyses very different notions of the nature of identity itself, skipping a rigorous examination of these notions in an effort to get right to documenting the effects of identity. Similarly, identity is frequently operationalized in quantitative studies without much discussion of the implications of selecting one particular measure over another or of what precisely each measure is reflecting, not to mention what might have changed over time.
While we do have nuanced research on Ukrainian identity, it tends not to address the evolution of identity over time or the moments and conditions of identity change.
Ethnicity and nationality research papers - academia.edu
The five original articles that make up this special issue1 all address these challenges, with important implications for how we understand Ukrainian politics after the EuroMaidan Research within librarian-selected research topics on Cultures and Ethnic Groups from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic .
BookmarkPredmet rada je odnos dr avljanstva i nacionalne pripadnosti u Kraljevini SHS/Jugoslaviji u razdoblju od osnivanja dr ave 1918.
godine pa sve do njezina poraza u travanjskom ratu 1941. morePredmet rada je odnos dr avljanstva i nacionalne pripadnosti u Kraljevini SHS/Jugoslaviji u razdoblju od osnivanja dr ave 1918.
godine pa sve do njezina poraza u travanjskom ratu 1941. Osnovno je metodolo ko polazi te istra- ivanja Tillyjeva klasifikacija prema kojoj postoje etiri osnovna tipa veze izme u dr avljanstva i nacionalne pripadnosti: isklju uju i izvorni, isklju uju i nau eni, uklju uju i izvorni i uklju uju i nau eni tip. Autor je u radu utvrdio da je u Kra-ljevini uspostavljen isklju uju i izvorni tip dr avljanstva koji s obzirom na primarno privilegiranje Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca te u drugom stupnju i ostalih Slavena naziva isklju uju im dvostupanjskim izvornim modelom.
Autor tako er isti e i postojanje odre enih korekcija tog modela u pogledu isklju ivosti i izvornosti. Rad se u velikoj mjeri temelji na istra ivanju arhivskoga gradiva dostupnog u Hrvatskom dr avnom arhivu.
Klju ne rije i: nacionalna pripadnost, dr avljanstvo, Kraljevina SHS, Kralje-vina Jugoslavija, Zakon o dr avljanstvuBookmarkThe article addresses the questions of national politics towards minorities in plurilingual areas and also discusses the issues of national belonging, determinacy, and indifference in state transition. moreThe article addresses the questions of national politics towards minorities in plurilingual areas and also discusses the issues of national belonging, determinacy, and indifference in state transition. Concretely, it analyzes the integration of the Italian-speaking population in Yugoslav Croatia after World War II in the case of schooling in the Italian language.
The Upper Adriatic is one of those Central European mixed areas in which the central and local government bodies of the 20th century post-Habsburg successor states intensively tried to obfuscate transnational practices and belongings. Unlike Fascist Italy, the Yugoslav Republic of Croatia granted minority schooling to its citizens, leaving to the Istrian and Rijeka families the possibility of choosing between Italian and Croatian as the language of education for their children.
This choice was still possible after the huge exodus of people who opted for Italian citizenship after World War II but, during the political tensions with Italy in the early 1950s, the government of socialist Croatia reduced the degree of this freedom by trying to limit access to these schools only to declared Italians and by abolishing many elementary and all Italian-language technical and professional high schools, consequently persuading many families to prefer the Croatian language schools. On the other hand, choosing a school in the language of the titular nation was also a deliberately strategic and integrative choice made by families, even by those who were mixed or spoke the local Venetian dialect on an everyday basis at home and in other areas of socialization.
This article discusses instances, strategies, and policies of local and central authorities, and of members and institutions of the Italian minority, towards assimilation, dissimilation, and isolation of the Italian-speaking group. BookmarkDrawing on primary sources including parliamentary debates, print journalism, radio and television transcripts, official government reports, and legislation, Thomas analyzes French ideas of political membership since the late 1970s as.
moreDrawing on primary sources including parliamentary debates, print journalism, radio and television transcripts, official government reports, and legislation, Thomas analyzes French ideas of political membership since the late 1970s as they have evolved in the context of political reactions to Islam and immigration. The analysis shows how political strategies and competing conceptions of political membership have interacted in shaping recent debates and related policy proposals.
The book traces the late 20th-century crystallization of a restrictive by apparently consensual interpretaiton of French republicanism, arguing that its ideas are increasingly strained, even as they remain politically powerful. The final section of the text briefly examines public responses to issues of Islam, immigration, and culture in other settings, including Britain.
BookmarkPara la mayor a de los americanistas Jehan A. Vellard (1901-1996) es pr cticamente un desconocido; para muchos es apenas una referencia bibliogr fica m s, o apenas el m dico que acompa a Claude L vi-Strauss al Mato-Grosso.
morePara la mayor a de los americanistas Jehan A.
Vellard (1901-1996) es pr cticamente un desconocido; para muchos es apenas una referencia bibliogr fica m s, o apenas el m dico que acompa a Claude L vi-Strauss al Mato-Grosso. ¿C mo es posible que no cite su trabajo Pierre Clastres, que trabaja con los ach apenas treinta a os despu s que l? ¿O que al estudiar los venenos yanomamis Jacques Lizot diga que conoce su cl sico sobre el curare pero prefiere ignorarlo? Definitivamente, Vellard no es un contempor neo.
Su obra parece poco glamorosa y hasta anticuada, no tiene potencia heur stica y, a diferencia de otros ancestros disciplinarios, no anticipa las preocupaciones de la antropolog a actual. Ni siquiera puede decirse que se trate de un gran escritor.
Desterrado del linaje prestigioso de Nimuendaju, Nordenski ld o el propio L vi-Strauss, Vellard se nos presenta as como un personaje inc modo, antip tico, un ancestro que funda una filiaci n imposible. Sin embargo, contentarse con ese diagn stico ser a demasiado f cil.
Porque hay que preguntarse si las razones de este descarte disciplinar no dejan escapar una personalidad polifac tica, testigo de tiempos cr ticos para el Chaco, los Andes o la Amazon a, y al mismo tiempo una obra multidisciplinaria que combina la etnograf a, la antropolog a f sica, la ling stica, la arqueolog a y la biolog a. No se trata, en definitiva, de trazar un revisionismo que anule las contradicciones de la figura de Vellard, pero s de revisar en detalle algunas de las expediciones cient ficas que realiza para el Museo del Trocad ro en la d cada de 1930, en particular los viajes al Paraguay (1931-32) en v speras de la guerra del Chaco, y al Mato Grosso (1938) en la famosa expedici n con L vi-Strauss, y de repasar entonces las circunstancias espec ficas en las cuales se conforma parte de las colecciones etnogr ficas del museo.
Dicho an lisis permitir a la vez echar nueva luz sobre las ambig edades, los claroscuros y las apor as del legado personal y cient fico de Jehan A.